The Victoria & Albert Museum
Details of the siege of Charlestown, 1780.
Adolph Menzel - Artist’s Model, Seen in Back View, Putting on an Eighteenth-Century Uniform, ca. 1850
Jean-Louis Prévost: Still life, c. 1774.
This painting is signed and dated somewhere in the center (not detectable in this reproduction) ” JL Prevost fecit 177”, with the last digit missing. It was exhibited in 1774, already in the collection of Augustin Blondel de Gagny. He sold it two years later.
Lieutenant General Sir Thomas Picton GCB (24 August 1758 – 18 June 1815) was one of the Napoleonic period’s most
infamous British generals. According to the historian Alessandro Barbero, Picton was “respected for his courage and feared for his irascible temperament.” He is chiefly remembered for his exploits under the Duke of Wellington in the Iberian Peninsular War, leading his 3rd Division at this siege, and at the Battle of Waterloo, where he was mortally wounded while his division stopped d’Erlon’s corps attack against the allied centre left, and as a result became the most senior officer to die at Waterloo.
Captain and Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Richardson, First Regiment of Foot Guards, 1792 (c).
Richardson served as a lieutenant and captain of the First Regiment of Foot Guards during the American War of Independence (1775-1883). He was with the regiment in May 1779, when it was sent on a successful expedition to Virginia.
In July 1781, the First Regiment of Guards were amongst Lord Cornwallis’s force which occupied and then became besieged in Yorktown. After the surrender to George Washington eight weeks later, Richardson was one of seven officers of the First Guards held prisoner. They were all released in 1783.
In 1789 Richardson was promoted captain and lieutenant-colonel. Four years later, the 17 year old Prince William Frederick of Gloucester was granted a commission for the same rank in the regiment. Nephew of King George III and son of the Duke of Gloucester (Colonel of the Regiment), the prince had his commission backdated to one day before Richardson’s, thus giving him seniority. In fact he would only have been 13 years old at the time. Richardson retired the following year.
Portrait of Charles Hamilton, 8th Earl of Haddington, 18th Century.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
- Dated: circa 1775
- Place of Origin: Birmingham, England
- Artist/Maker: manufactured by Matthew Boulton (born in Birmingham, 1728, died there in 1809) during his partnership with John Fothergill ( 1762-1781) at the Soho factory, Birmingham
- Medium and Techniques: faceted steel and copper wire
- Measurements: overall length: 60.5 cm; hilt width: 7.3 cm; hilt depth: 5 cm
In the past children were dressed as small adults. As a result small, light versions of the fashionable civilian sword, known as a small sword were often worn by boys, especially on formal occasions. This is a miniature version of the type of sword worn by adults in England in the late 18th century.
The hilt of this sword is made of cut and polished steel and was made in Matthew Boulton’s Soho Manufactory in Birmingham. The blade was made in Solingen, Germany, famous for the production of blades. Similar hilts cut with facets are shown in the Boulton and Watt pattern book, now in Birmingham City Library. The facets were cut into the surface of the steel to improve the reflecting qualities of the highly polished surface.
This sword hilt was manufactured by the most modern production techniques available at the time. The steel was polished using wheels powered by a steam engine. At his Soho Manufactory Boulton used mass-production methods to produce his wares. As a result he could make a large number of wares very quickly which were cheaper than those of his competitors in Woodstock and London.
Source: Copyright © 2014 V&A Images
Tea Chest with Two Tea Cannisters & Sugar Box
Portrait of Queen Maria Carolina of Naples, née Archduchess of Austria, c. 1800. (detail)
Marie-Victoire Lemoine. Portrait of Two Sisters, 18th Century.
Silver-Hilted Short Saber
- Dated: 1770-1780
- Culture: American
- Medium: steel, silver, bone,
- Measurements: overall length 35 3/4 inches. Blade length 29 1/2 inches
The sword has a silver hilt with a bone grip and a pommel shaped in the form of a lion’s head.
Source: Copyright © 2014 Sotheby’s